“An early bearer of the name Hyde in England was a Norman Knight who went into England with William the Conqueror in the invasion of 1066; and was granted lands in Cheshire where the town of Hyde is located, about seven miles east of Manchester. He took his name from the estates granted to him. The family was in possession of this manor in the reign of King John, which had descended from father to son since the Norman conquest. Matthew de Hyde, of Hyde, resided there about the end of the twelfth century and was the father of Sir Robert Hyde, who became Lord of this Manor and also the estates of Shalcross and Fernely in Derbyshire and Halgaten and Denton in Lancashire. He married the heiress of Thomas of Norbury and by this marriage the lordship of Norbury in Derbyshire came to the Hydes in the reign of Henry III.”
Florence Fuller Hyde, The Hyde Family in England and America, 1967, page 4.
Many Hyde pedigrees on the Internet start with Matthew de Hyde. These medieval genealogies are largely speculative and unproven. Some have internal inconsistencies*; and some are in conflict** with others.
Here is an attempt to trace Robert Hyde (b. c1592 at Denton, Lancashire, Eng.; d. 1684) who married Alice Crompton (b. c1595 Crompton, Lancashire, Eng.) back to Matthew de Hyde. Unlike many Internet pedigrees, this document lists sources:
Ancestors of Robert Hyde (c1592 – 1684)
A narrative by Thomas Middleton (published in 1899) describes Hyde Hall, the Hyde family and how the great Earl of Clarendon descends from Matthew de Hyde. The Earl of Clarendon was the father of Ann Hyde, the Queen of King James II of England, and the grandfather of the two succeeding reigning English Queens, Mary and Anne.
Hyde Hall and Hyde Family
Wikipedia page on Earl of Clarendon: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Clarendon
Dan C. Hyde
* A pedigree has an internal inconsistency when it has a logic error like a person dying before being born. Also, humans have biological constraints. It is hard to father a child before the age of about 13. Women did marry as early as 12-14. Until the miracles of modern medicine, a woman’s limit to bearing a child was age 56 and usually years before. While a man could father a child when in his 70s. A pedigree saying a man fathered a child at age 6, we would also call internally inconsistent.
** Two pedigrees are in conflict if a person’s dates, places, wives, or children are different. One pedigree might have an extra or missing generation compared to another. We as genealogists strive for the truth. To resolve conflicts, we require evidence in the form of primary sources such as deeds, wills, family Bibles and chancery records. Without primary sources, we must reply on secondary sources such as books by credible authors. Any pedigree without sources is suspect.